British Values

The Government set out its definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy, and the same values were reiterated in 2014. 

These values are:

  • democracy.
  • the rule of law.
  • individual liberty.
  • mutual respect for and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs and for those without faith.

The term ‘British values’ might be slightly misleading in that these values are integral to so many countries throughout the world – they differ in no way from the values of most western European countries, for example.

Below are just a few examples of how we promote British values through day-to-day life at Hambrook and in direct teaching through a variety of topics.



Children, parents and staff have many opportunities for their voices to be heard at Hambrook Primary. Democracy is central to how we operate.

The election of the School Council members reflects our British electoral system and demonstrates democracy in action: candidates make speeches, pupils consider characteristics important for an elected representative, pupils vote in secret using ballot boxes etc. Made up of two representatives from each class, the School Council meets regularly to discuss issues raised by the different classes. The council has its own budget and is able to genuinely effect change within the school. The Council are actively involved in recruitment.

Other examples of ‘pupil voice’ are:

  • children agree their Class Charter and the rights associated with these; all children contribute to the drawing up of the charter
  • children have the opportunity to nominate and vote for others to receive a certificate for great learning or choices
  • using Pupil Feedback forms, children are asked to respond and reflect on the teaching and learning
  • children nominate various charities, then within their own class, select two to go forward to the School Council, who then vote to decide two school charities which we support over the course of two years

Pupils are always listened to by adults and are taught to listen carefully and with concern to each other, respecting the right of every individual to have their opinions and voices heard. We encourage pupils to take ownership of not only their school but also of their own learning and progress. This encourages a heightened sense of both personal and social responsibility and is demonstrated on a daily basis by our pupils.


The Rule of Law

The importance of rules and laws, whether they be those that govern our school or our country, are referred to and reinforced often, such as in assemblies and when reflecting on behaviour choices. At the start of the school year, each class discusses and sets its own Class Charter, a set of principles that are clearly understood by all and seen to be necessary to ensure that every class member is able to learn in a safe and ordered environment.

Pupils are taught the value and reasons behind laws, that they govern and protect us, the responsibilities that this involves, and the consequences when laws are broken. These values are reinforced in different ways:

  • visits from authorities such as the police and fire service
  • during Religious Education, when rules for particular faiths are thought about
  • during other school subjects, where there is respect and appreciation for different rules – in a sports lesson, for example


Individual Liberty

Alongside rules and laws, we promote freedom of choice and the right to respectfully express views and beliefs. Through the provision of a safe, supportive environment and empowering education, we provide boundaries for our young pupils to make choices safely; for example:

  • choices about what learning challenge or activity
  • choices about how they record their learning
  • choices around the participation in extra-curricular activities

Our pupils are encouraged to know, understand and exercise their rights and personal freedoms and are taught how to exercise these safely, such as in our e-safety and SEAL lessons.


Mutual Respect and tolerance

Mutual respect is at the heart of our values. Children learn that their behaviours have an effect on their own rights and those of others. All members of the school community treat each other with respect.

Assemblies are regularly planned to address cultural diversity either directly or through the inclusion of stories and celebrations from a variety of faiths and cultures. Our RE and PSHE teaching reinforce this. Members of different faiths or religions are encouraged to share their knowledge to enhance learning within classes and the school.

At Hambrook we will actively challenge pupils, staff or parents expressing opinions contrary to fundamental British Values, including ‘extremist’ views.

Our pupils know and understand that it is expected and imperative that respect is shown to everyone, whatever differences we may have, and to everything, whether it is a school resource, a religious belief or whatever. Children learn that their behaviour choices have an effect on their own rights and those of others. All members of the school community should treat each other with respect.

Specific examples of how we at Hambrook Primary enhance pupils understanding and respect for different faiths and beliefs are through Religious Education, SEAL and other lessons where we might develop awareness and appreciation of other cultures – in English through fiction and in Art by considering culture from other parts of the world, for example

Sadly, no school can guarantee that there will never be instances which are contrary to this value. At Hambrook Primary, such instances are extremely rare. They are treated seriously in line with our Behaviour Policy, our Single Equality Scheme and our Anti-bullying policy.


Being part of Britain

Britain has undergone rapid economic and social change in the last few decades and we live in an increasingly diverse society. We need to teach our children that it is possible to live together peacefully, each of them a valuable part of our multicultural world.

As a school, we value and celebrate the diverse heritages of everybody at Hambrook.

Alongside this, we value and celebrate being part of Britain. In general terms, this means that we celebrate traditions, such as customs in the course of the year, for example, Remembrance Day and the four patron Saints’ days of Great Britain.  We also value and celebrate national events e.g. the Queens’ birthday celebrations,

Examples of how British values are reinforced in many normal day-to-day activities at Hambrook include:

• Observing flowers, trees etc in our nature garden - learning about the world in which we live and being proud and respectful of what we see around us

• Tidying away games and equipment at the end of playtime, picking up litter etc - respecting the natural world and teach children to respect the law, learn right from wrong and to have social responsibility

• Each child has their turn to talk about what they think is important – valuing each child’s voice so that he/she feels listened to; feels important and that his/her views will be included
• We teach children to be kind, helpful and respectful of others;

• We teach children to be part of their local community;

• We plan to celebrate festivals and mark special days from the world around us;

• We teach the children about compromise – that some of us believe one thing… some of us believe something totally different… but we can all get along together in the same house and respect each other;

• We teach children to work together – to listen, take turns and value contributions from others.

• We teach children about the world in which they live – the world on their doorstep and the wider world – through books, posters, planned activities, resources, outings and much more;

• We teach children to listen and respect others.


Here are some of the topics through which we teach about British values:

Year 1

  • Magic travel machine (Geography Focus)
  • Hambrook; then and now (History & PSHE Focus)

Year 2

  • Towers and Turrets – History medieval castles
  • History: The great fire of London
  • Geography: compare the physical and human features of Bristol and Africa
  • Human rights (Holocaust Remembrance Day)

Year 3

  • History: Stone Age to the Iron Age
  • History: Roman settlements in Britain.
  • Sustainability / Global citizenship Climate Change
  • Sustainability/ Science week! Global citizenship - Improving the local environment

Year 4

  • World War 2 (History Focus)
  • Shakespeare (History Focus)

Year 5

  • Vicious Vikings: The Viking and Anglo- Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor.
  • Sustainable development – recognising that some of the earth’s resources are finite and must be used responsibly by each of us
  • Diversity - Understanding and respecting differences and relating these to our common humanity

Year 6

  • Breaking the Chains: Bristol’s Slave Trade
  • France trip – outdoor activities including teamwork and reinforcing all of the British Values



Schools are subject to a duty (Section 26, Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015) to have “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”. This duty is known as the Prevent duty. It is important to remember that whilst the threat from so-called Islamic State has been a focus in the Counter Terrorism and Security Act, the Prevent Duty is clear that extremism of all kinds should be tackled too. In England, for example, far right groups such as Britain First and the English Defence League are included in this. Extremism is not a new topic in education, but schools have a relatively new statutory duty to pay “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”.

Read the government’s Prevent Duty Guidance:

and its guidance for schools: